Originally a concept conceived by Gordon Murrayhe convinced Ron Dennis to back the project and engaged Peter Stevens to design the exterior and interior of the car. On 31 Marchthe XP5 prototype with modified rev limiter set the Guinness World Record for the world's fastest production carreaching Only low production volume cars like the Dauer Le Mans which attained The car features numerous proprietary designs and technologies; it is lighter and has a more streamlined structure than many modern sports cars, despite having one seat User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4 than most similar sports cars, with the driver's seat located in the centre and slightly forward of two passengers' seating positions, providing driver visibility superior to that of a conventional seating layout.
It features a powerful engine and is somewhat track oriented, but not to the degree that it compromises everyday usability and comfort. It was conceived as an exercise in creating what its designers hoped would be considered the ultimate User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4 car. Despite not having been designed as a track machine, a modified race car edition of the vehicle won several races, including the 24 Hours of Le Mans inwhere it faced purpose-built prototype race cars.
Production began in and ended in In all, cars were manufactured, with some variations in the design. Inthe British car magazine Autocar stated in a road test regarding the F1, "The McLaren F1 is the finest driving machine yet built for the public road.
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Chief engineer Gordon Murray 's design concept was a common one among designers of high-performance cars: This was achieved through use of high-tech and expensive materials such as carbon fibretitaniumgoldmagnesium and kevlar. The F1 was the first production car to use a carbon-fibre monocoque chassis.
Gordon Murray had been thinking of a three-seat sports car since his youth. When Murray was waiting for a flight home from the Italian Grand Prix inhe drew a sketch of a three-seater sports car and proposed it to Ron Dennis.
He pitched the idea of creating the ultimate road cara concept that would be heavily influenced User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4 the company's Formula One experience and technology and thus reflect that skill and knowledge through the McLaren F1. Although it's true I had thought it would have been better to put a larger engine, the moment I drove the Honda NSXall the benchmark cars—Ferrari, Porsche, Lamborghini—I had been using as references in the development of my car vanished from my mind.
I asked, I tried to persuade them, but in the end could not convince them to do it, and the McLaren F1 ended up equipped with a BMW engine. Later, a pair of Ultima MK3 kit cars, chassis numbers 12 and 13, "Albert" and "Edward", the last User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4 MK3s, were used as "mules" to test various components and concepts before the first cars were built. Number 12 was used to test the gearbox with a 7.
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Number 13 was the test of the V12, plus exhaust and cooling system. When McLaren was done with the cars they destroyed both of them to keep away the specialist magazines and because they did not want the car to be associated with "kit cars". The production version remained the same as the original prototype XP1 except for the wing mirror which, on the XP1, was mounted at the top of the A-pillar.
This car was deemed not road legal as it had no indicators at the front; McLaren was forced to make changes on the car as a result some cars, including Ralph Lauren 's, were sent back to McLaren and fitted with the prototype mirrors. The original wing mirrors also incorporated a pair of indicators which other car manufacturers would adopt several years later.
The car's safety levels were first proved when during a testing User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4 Namibia in Aprila test driver wearing just shorts and a T-shirt hit a rock and rolled the first prototype car several times.
The driver managed to escape unscathed. Later in the year, the second prototype XP2 was specially built for crash testing and passed with the front wheel arch untouched. Gordon Murray insisted that the engine for this car be naturally aspirated to increase reliability and driver control.
Turbochargers and superchargers increase power but they increase complexity and can decrease reliability as well as introducing an additional aspect of latency and loss of feedback. The ability of the driver to maintain maximum control of the engine is thus compromised. When Honda refused, Isuzuthen planning an entry into Formula Onehad a 3.
The company was very interested in having the engine fitted into the F1. However, the designers wanted an engine with a proven design and User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4 racing pedigree.
The engine uses a dry sump oil lubrication system. The carbon fibre body panels and monocoque required significant heat insulation in the engine compartment, so Murray's solution was to line the engine bay with a highly efficient heat-reflector: Approximately 16 g 0.
The road version used a compression ratio of In contrast to raw engine power, a car's power-to-weight ratio is a better method of quantifying acceleration performance than the peak output of User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4 vehicle's powerplant. The cam carriers, covers, oil sump, dry sump, and housings for the camshaft control are made of magnesium castings.
The intake control features twelve individual butterfly valves and the exhaust system has four Inconel catalysts with individual Lambda-Sondion controls. The camshafts are continuously variable for increased performance, using a system very closely based on BMW's VANOS variable timing system for the BMW M3 ;  it is a hydraulically actuated phasing mechanism which retards the inlet cam relative to the exhaust cam at low revs, which reduces the valve overlap and provides for increased idle stability and increased low-speed torque.
At higher rpm the valve overlap is increased by computer control to 42 degrees compare 25 degrees on the M3  for increased airflow into the cylinders and thus increased performance. To allow the fuel to atomise fully, the engine uses two Lucas injectors per cylinder, with the first injector located close to the inlet valve — operating at low engine rpm — while the second is located higher up the inlet tract — operating at higher rpm.
The dynamic transition between the two devices is controlled by the engine computer. The closed-loop fuel injection is sequential.
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The engine has no knock sensor as the predicted combustion conditions would not cause this to be a problem. The pistons are forged in aluminium.
Every cylinder bore has a Nikasil coating giving it a high degree of wear resistance. The engine was given User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4 short development time, causing the BMW design team to use only trusted technology from prior design and implementation experience.
The engine does not use titanium valves or connecting rods. Variable intake geometry was considered but rejected on grounds of unnecessary complication. The car features a central driving position — the driver's seat is located in the middle, ahead of the fuel tank and ahead of the engine, with a passenger seat slightly behind and on each side.
Gordon Murray's design for the doors was inspired by a Toyota Sera. The engine produces high temperatures under full application and thus causes a high temperature variation in the engine bay from no operation to normal and full operation.
Because the machine features active aerodynamics    these are the figures presented in the most streamlined configuration. The standard McLaren F1 features no wings to produce downforce compare the LM and GTR editions ; however, the overall design of the underbody of the McLaren User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4 in addition to a rear diffuser exploits ground effect to improve downforce which is increased through the use of two electric Kevlar fans to further decrease the pressure under the car.
There is a small dynamic rear spoiler on the tail of the vehicle, which will adjust dynamically and automatically attempt to balance the centre of gravity of the car under braking  — which will be shifted forward when the brakes are applied.
Upon activation of the spoiler, a high pressure zone is created in front of the flap, and this high pressure zone is exploited—two air intakes are revealed upon application that will allow the high pressure airflow to enter ducts that route air to aid in cooling the rear brakes. Steve Randle, who was the car's dynamicist, was appointed responsible for the design of the suspension system of the McLaren F1.
From inception, the design of the F1 had a strong focus on adjusting the mass of the car as near the middle as possible by User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4 manipulation of placement of, among other things, the engine, fuel and driver, allowing for a low polar moment of inertia in yaw.
The distance between the mass centroid of the car and the suspension roll centre were designed to be the same front and rear to avoid unwanted weight transfer effects. Computer controlled dynamic suspension were considered but not applied due to the inherent increase in weight, increased complexity and loss of predictability of the vehicle.
Damper and spring specifications: As can be seen from the McLaren F1 LM and the McLaren F1 GTR track variants, the track performance potential is much higher than that in the standard F1 road car due to fact that car should be comfortable and usable in everyday conditions.
The suspension is a double wishbone system with an unusual design. Longitudinal wheel compliance is included without loss of wheel control, which allows the wheel to travel backwards when it hits a bump — increasing the comfort of the ride.
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Castor wind-off at the front during braking is handled by McLaren's proprietary Ground Plane Shear Centre — the wishbones on either side in the subframe are fixed in rigid plane bearings and connected to the body by four independent bushes which are 25 times more stiff radially than axially.
Compare the Honda NSX at 2.
The difference in toe and camber values are also of very small under lateral force application. Inclined Shear Axis is used at the rear of the machine provides measurements of 0.
When developing the suspension system the facility of electro-hydraulic kinematics and compliance at Anthony Best Dynamics was employed to measure the performance of the suspension on a Jaguar XJR16, a Porsche S and a Honda NSX to use as references.
The wishbones are machined from a solid aluminium alloy with CNC machines. The F1 features unassisted, vented and cross-drilled brake discs made by Brembo. To increase calliper stiffness, the callipers are machined from one single solid piece in contrast to the more common being bolted together from two halves. Pedal travel is slightly over one inch.
Activation of the rear spoiler will allow the air pressure generated at the back of the vehicle to force air into the cooling ducts located at either end of the spoiler which become uncovered upon application of it. Servo-assisted ABS brakes were ruled out as they would imply increased mass, complexity and reduced brake feel; however at the cost of increasing the required skill of the driver.
Gordon Murray attempted to utilise carbon brakes for the F1, but found the technology not mature enough at the time;  with one of the major culprits being that of a proportional relationship between brake disc temperature and friction—i. The standard McLaren F1 has a transverse 6-speed manual gearbox with an AP carbon triple-plate clutch  contained in an aluminium User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4.
The second generation GTR edition has a magnesium housing. The McLaren F1 has an aluminium flywheel that has only the dimensions and mass absolutely needed to allow the torque from the engine to be transmitted.
This is done in order to decrease User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4 inertia and increase responsiveness of the system, resulting in faster gear changes and better throttle feedback.
This is possible due to the F1 engine lacking secondary vibrational couples and featuring a torsional vibration damper by BMW. Standard equipment on the stock McLaren F1 includes full cabin air conditioninga rarity on most sports cars and a system design which Murray again credited to the Honda NSXa car he had owned and driven himself for 7 years without ever needing to change the AC automatic setting.
All features of the F1 were, according to Gordon Murray, obsessed over including the interior. The same holds true for the pedals, which are not adjustable after the car has left the factory, but are tailored to each specific customer.
During its pre-production stage, McLaren commissioned Kenwoodthe team's supplier of radio equipment, to create a lightweight car audio system for the car; Kenwood, between and used the F1 to promote its products in print advertisements, calendars and brochure covers. Each car's audio system was especially designed to tailor to an individual's listening taste, however radio was omitted because Murray never listened to the radio.
Only cars were manufactured: Although production stopped inMcLaren still maintains an extensive support and service network for the F1. Every standard F1 has a modem which allows customer care to remotely fetch information from the ECU of the car in order to assist the customer in the event of a mechanical vehicle failure.
All of the technicians have undergone dedicated training in service of the McLaren F1. In cases where major structural damage has occurred, the car can be returned to McLaren directly for repair. However, all of the higher top speed machines use forced induction to reach their respective top speeds, whereas the McLaren F1 is naturally aspirated.
McLaren F1 has a power to weight ratio of 1. The title of "world's fastest production road car" was constantly in contention, especially because the term "production car" is not well-defined.
On 31 MarchAndy Wallace drove the five-year-old XP5 prototype at Volkswagen's test track in Ehra-Lessiensetting a new production car world record of independently measured Depending on the definition of "production car" it was dethroned in November by the Dauer Le User uploaded hdk central 9 mp4 This download center features technical documentation and installation paid users can download high-res images that they've uploaded.
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