Toilet papersometimes called toilet tissue in Britain is a tissue paper product people primarily use to clean the anus and surrounding area of fecal material after defecation and to clean the perineal area of urine after urination and other bodily fluid releases.
It also acts as a layer of protection for the hands during these processes. It is usually supplied as a long strip of perforated paper wrapped around a paperboard core for storage in a dispenser near a toilet. Most modern toilet paper in the developed world is They double bag a history of being coarse to decompose in septic tankswhereas some other bathroom and facial tissues are not.
Toilet paper comes in various numbers of plies layers of thicknessfrom one- to six-ply, with more back-to-back plies providing greater strength and absorbency. The use of paper for hygiene has been recorded in China in the 6th century AD, with specifically manufactured toilet paper being mass-produced in the 14th century.
Although paper had been known as a wrapping and padding material in China since the 2nd century BC,  the first documented use of toilet paper in human history dates back to the 6th century AD, in early medieval China.
Paper on which there are quotations or commentaries from the Five Classics or the names of sages, I dare not use for toilet purposes.
During the early 14th century, it was recorded that in what is now Zhejiang province alone, ten million packages of 1, to 10, sheets of toilet paper were manufactured annually. Elsewhere, wealthy people wiped themselves with woollace or hempwhile less wealthy people used their hand when defecating into riversor cleaned themselves with various materials such as rags, wood shavings, leavesgrasshaystonessandmosswatersnowfernsplant husksfruit skinsseashellsor corncobsdepending upon the country and weather conditions or social customs.
In Ancient Romea sponge on a stick [ citation needed ] was commonly used, and, after use, placed back in a pail of vinegar. Several talmudic sources indicating ancient Jewish practice refer to the use of small pebbles, often carried in a special bag, and also to the use of dry grass and of the smooth edges of broken pottery jugs e. Gargantua dismisses They double bag a history of being coarse use of paper as ineffective, rhyming that: He concludes that "the neck of a goose, that is well downed" provides an optimum cleansing medium.
The rise of publishing by the eighteenth century led to the use of newspapers and cheap editions of popular books for cleansing. Lord Chesterfieldin a letter to his son intold of a man who purchased. In many parts of the world, especially where toilet paper or the necessary plumbing for disposal may be unavailable or unaffordable, toilet paper is not used.
Also, in many parts of the world people consider using water a much cleaner and more sanitary practice than using paper.
Joseph Gayetty is widely credited with being the inventor of modern commercially available toilet paper in the United States. Gayetty's paper, first introduced inwas available as late as the s.
Gayetty's Medicated Paper was sold in packages of flat sheets, watermarked with the inventor's name. Original advertisements for the product used the tagline "The greatest necessity of the age!
Gayetty's medicated paper for the water-closet. Seth Wheeler of Albany, New Yorkobtained the earliest United States patents for toilet paper and dispensers, the types of which eventually were in common use in that country, in The manufacturing of this product had a long period of refinement, considering that as late as the s, a selling point of the Northern Tissue company was that their toilet paper was "splinter free".
Moist toilet paper, called wet wipeswas first introduced in the United Kingdom by Andrex in the s.
It has been promoted as being a better method of cleaning than dry toilet paper after defecation, and may be useful for women during menstruation. It was promoted as a flushable product but it has been implicated in the creation of fatbergs ; by some municipalities had begun education campaigns advising people not to flush used wet wipes.
More than seven billion rolls of toilet paper are sold yearly in the U.
Americans use an average of Toilet paper is available in several types of paper, a variety of patterns, decorations, and textures, and it may be moistened or perfumed, although fragrances sometimes cause problems for users who are allergic to perfumes.
The average measures of a modern roll of toilet paper is c. The width of sheets was later reduced giving a general sheet size of 3. Larger sizes remain available. Toilet paper products vary greatly in the distinguishing technical factors, such as size, weight, roughness, softness, chemical residues, "finger-breakthrough" resistance, water-absorption, etc.
The larger companies have very detailed, scientific market surveys to determine which marketing sectors require or demand which of the many technical qualities. Modern toilet paper may have a light coating of aloe or lotion or wax worked into the paper to reduce roughness. Quality is usually determined by the number of plies stacked sheetscoarseness, and durability. Premium toilet paper may have lotion and wax and has two to four plies of very finely pulped paper.
If it is marketed as "luxury", it may be quilted or rippled embossedperfumed, colored or patterned, medicated with anti-bacterial chemicalsor treated with aloe or other perfumes. In order to advance decomposition of the paper in septic tanks or drainage, the paper used has shorter fibres than facial tissue or writing paper.
The manufacturer tries to reach an optimal balance between rapid decomposition which requires shorter fibres and sturdiness which requires longer fibres. Compaction of toilet paper in drain lines, such as in a clog, prevents fiber dispersion and largely halts the breakdown process. Colored toilet paper in colors such as pink, lavenderlight blue, light green, purple, green, and light yellow so that one could choose a color of toilet paper that matched or complemented the color of one's bathroom was commonly sold in the United States from the s.
Up untilScott was one of the last remaining U. However, the company has since cut production of colored paper altogether.
Today, in the United States, plain unpatterned colored toilet paper has been mostly replaced by patterned toilet paper, normally white, with embossed decorative patterns or designs in various colors and different sizes depending on the brand. Colored toilet paper remains commonly available in some European countries. An unintended problem with the design of the laminated construction of the sheets in a roll is that, on occasion whilst un-rolling, separation occurs between laminations rather than at the intended interface.
Perforations then become misaligned and sheets cannot be torn off cleanly. The problem is resolved by careful un-winding of one or more laminations until the perforations re-align.
A toilet roll holder, also known as a toilet paper dispenser, is an item that holds a roll of toilet paper.
There are at least seven types of holders:. Some commercial or institutional toilet paper is wrapped around a cylinder to many times the thickness of a standard toilet paper roll. There are two choices of orientation when using a holder with a horizontal axle parallel to the wall: The choice is largely a matter of personal preference, dictated by habit.